Nursing facilities are one part of the long-term care delivery system that also includes home and community based services, but their relatively high cost has led them to be the focus of much attention from policymakers. Medicaid plays a major role in financing nursing facility care in the United States, and recent policy proposals to limit federal financing for Medicaid may lead to cuts in eligibility or scope of coverage for long-term care services. In addition, new regulations, effective November 2016, aim to address longstanding challenges in quality and safety in nursing facilities.
As the demand for long term care continues to increase and new policy proposals and regulations unfold, the characteristics, capacity, and care quality of facilities remain subjects of concern among consumers and policy makers. This report provides information on recent trends in nursing facilities in the United States, drawing on data from the federal On-line Survey, Certification, and Reporting system (OSCAR) and Certification and Survey Provider Enhanced Reports (CASPER), to provide information on nursing facility characteristics, resident characteristics, facility staffing, and deficiencies by state from 2009 through 2015.
Additional detail on the survey and methods underlying the data in this report are provided in the Appendix at the end of the report. This information enables policymakers and the public to monitor and understand recent changes in nursing facility care in the United States and helps highlight areas of ongoing concern for ongoing policymaking